Concessional contributions are contributions when a tax deduction is claimed, including the following contribution types:
- Employer Contributions (Currently 9.5%)
- Salary Sacrifice Arrangement
- Transfers from reserves
- Personal Concessional Contribution
The tax rate on concessional contributions below the cap is generally 15% (the current cap is $30,000 for people under 50 and $35000 for those who are 50 or above). In the 2016-2017 Federal Budget it was announced that from 1st July 2017 the concessional super contributions cap will be lowered to $25,000 for all individuals.
- High-income earners
For those who earn more than $300,000 a year, the tax rate on concessional contributions is 30%. The ‘Income’ in this context is the sum of the taxable income, concessional contributions, adjusted fringe benefits and total net investment losses. This is referred to as the Div 293 tax and the threshold will be lowered to $250,000 from 1 July 2017.
- Low-income earners
People who earn less than $37,000 a year do not incur contribution taxes on their concessional contributions. Specifically, the contribution taxes will be returned to their account, with a maximum amount up to $513 (9.25%x$37,000×15%).
Excess concessional contributions
When contributions in excess of the concessional contributions cap (general cap of $25,000 per annum) is made to an SMSF, an additional tax is applied to the Members of the Fund.
From 2014 onwards, if concessional contribution exceeds the cap, the excess amount will be included in your personal assessable income and taxed at the marginal tax rate.
From 1 July 2018, Members can make ‘carry-forward’ concessional super contributions if they have a total superannuation balance of less than $500,000. Members can access their unused concessional contributions caps on a rolling basis for five years. Amounts carried forward that have not been used after five years will expire. The first year in which you can access unused concessional contributions is the 2020 financial year.
For more information, please refer to the ATO Website.
Super guarantee percentage
The Super guarantee percentage will gradually increase to 12% as follows:
|Period||Super guarantee (%)|
|1 July 2002 – 30 June 2013||9|
|1 July 2013 – 30 June 2014||9.25|
|1 July 2014 – 30 June 2021||9.5|
|1 July 2021 – 30 June 2022||10|
|1 July 2022 – 30 June 2023||10.5|
|1 July 2023 – 30 June 2024||11|
|1 July 2024 – 30 June 2025||11.5|
|1 July 2025 – 30 June 2026 and onwards||12|
Timing of contributions
Generally, a contribution is recognized and recorded in the year when cash is received by the SMSF. Taxation Ruling 2010/1 provides direction with respect to timing of contributions.
For more information on taxation in Super, please see our website page here.